The World is Coming to an End! . . . Says . . . Stephen Hawking?!?

Okay, this isn’t exactly late-breaking news, but it’s too good to pass up!

Christians have been predicting the end of the world for, oh, about 2,000 years now.

Science fiction writers have been creating doomsday scenarios for over a century.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking

Scientists respond that these things just aren’t going to happen. The world is going to keep turning for several billion years to come, they say, and the universe will last even longer.

So I couldn’t help but chuckle when I heard that Stephen Hawking, one of the most famous scientists in the world, has his own doomsday scenario. And he says it could come at any time, with no warning.

The “God particle” could destroy the universe!

Yeah, I laughed, too!

Evangelical Christians think that God is going to destroy heaven and earth, and create new ones in their place. It’s going to happen any day now!

Serious scientists would never believe such a ridiculous thing.

Nope. For physicists, it’s not God, but the God particle that could destroy the universe any day now!

Okay, okay, scientists don’t like the name “God particle.” They prefer to call it the Higgs boson.

Stephen Hawking bet fellow physicist Gordon Kane $100 that the Higgs boson didn’t exist.

He lost.

And in a book of his lectures published about a year ago, titled Starmus, he got his revenge: The Higgs field, which is associated with the Higgs boson, could destroy the universe! So you can keep your hundred bucks, Gordon Kane!

In the preface to his book Hawking says:

The Higgs potential has the worrisome feature that it might become metastable at energies above 100 [billion] gigaelectronvolts (GeV). This could mean that the universe could undergo catastrophic vacuum decay, with a bubble of the true vacuum expanding at the speed of light. This could happen at any time and we wouldn’t see it coming.

In other words, it’s possible that the field associated with this recently discovered particle could suddenly start wiping out all matter in a bubble that would expand so fast that there would be no warning. Suddenly our world and everything in it would just vanish into nothingness.

For more on this possibility, see these articles:

The universe isn’t going away any time soon

The End Is At Hand

The World is Coming to an End!

Now, before you sell everything and buy a fancy red sports car so that you can go out with a bang, not every scientist agrees that the universe might vanish at any instant.

Even Stephen Hawking thinks that if it does happen, it’s not likely to happen for billions and billions of years.

Other scientists don’t think it will happen at all. The conditions that could produce such an event, they say, existed in the early universe. Yet here we are! And, they say, there are events taking place all around the universe right now that could have triggered such an event. Yet here we are!

Many scientists believe that it won’t happen because there are forces and phenomena that we still don’t fully understand that are keeping the universe stable. Perhaps it’s that mysterious dark matter. Perhaps it’s antimatter. Or perhaps it’s something else that we haven’t even discovered yet. But if the universe has managed to remain stable for this long, they reason, it’s likely that something is holding it all together, and that it’s not likely to go Pop! now or in the future.

So keep your day job, don’t run to the storm shelter, and don’t cash in your stocks and bonds just yet. It seems that this world of ours is a tough old beast, and isn’t going away any time soon.

And what about those Christians who say the world is coming to an end?

I wouldn’t listen to them, either.

For further reading:


Lee Woofenden is an ordained minister, writer, editor, translator, and teacher. He enjoys taking spiritual insights from the Bible and the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg and putting them into plain English as guides for everyday life.

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10 comments on “The World is Coming to an End! . . . Says . . . Stephen Hawking?!?
  1. abhin33t says:

    Hi Lee!

    It’s heartwarming to read your blog. Your perspective on things is refreshingly thoughtful. I don’t wish to be rude, but I’ve never had good expectations from religious folks with regards to logic and reason. In my own homeland, god-men are often the furthest from god really. Hence my prejudices have always got the best of me in all matters religious.

    But after reading your blog, I’ve experienced great solace. I feel happy to have met a sensible and enlightened mind as yourself. This blog certainly reaffirmed my faith in humanity.

    As far as my own religious views are concerned, I’m not so sure where to really affirm. I can be called an agnostic, or rather somebody in dilemma. I simply can’t believe the fairy tales of our ancient texts, yet I do respect their tennets of virtues (not those that we clearly know to be gender biased though).

    I have a troubled mind really. With pressures to perform academically and excel in life, along with other family and worrying health concerns (despite the fact that I endeavour to remain physically active), I’m often pushed to the extremes at times. With so much disparity in circumstances, wealth and efforts over output of those around me and myself, I’m inclined to not believe in someone who’s out there looking over everyone. Otherwise, how would he answer to all the tribulations I’ve had to endure and of those who’ve experienced even worse?

    I’m a strong believer in compassion though. I trust that people can be their best if loved in the same light as we would convey to perhaps someone dear to us. But I’m really troubled by many worldly concerns as the ‘unfairness’ of beauty (I read your blog, infact it was that very post that brought me here. Certainly happy to have stumbled upon it), of physical health that people take for granted while others really struggle with and how attraction is such a superficial affair really. Also, I usually have a hard time dealing with abrasive/hurtful behaviour from others. I may not get disturbed, but they all do remain in my mind all the same. That is one of my weaknesses that I’ve been trying to understand.

    I do believe spirituality is a ‘fair’ experience. It’s depth is purely a product of one’s own willingness to delve deeper. But I struggle to attain it.

    I wish for a calm and focused mind, a strong will and success in my actions. I have practised them to a great degree in my life. But now, I wish to attain them in absolute totality. Can you help me out please?

    And thank you for the blog. I appreciate your thoughts and insights into life.

    ~Abhineet Saxena

    • Lee says:

      Hi Abhineet,

      Thanks for your thoughtful comments, and your kind words. I am glad that my thoughts expressed here have given you some solace, and perhaps even hope for the spiritual side of humanity. I do aim to provide a more sensible, rational, and spiritual view of religion and life than is found in much of organized religion today, across the many different faiths of the world. I do believe that God is reaching out to us through the various religions (see If there’s One God, Why All the Different Religions?). Unfortunately, we confused humans have made an awful mess of a lot of what God has said to us.

      Though I do think a belief in a loving, wise, and powerful God is very helpful to our life as human beings in this world, I have come to think that even for those who don’t believe in God, or aren’t sure whether there is or isn’t a God, a belief in love, wisdom, and the power of kindness to others is a kind of belief in God because it is a belief in the qualities of God. (See: Do Atheists Go to Heaven?) So I would encourage you to hold onto your love for human compassion, dignity, equality, and all the other virtues of human life, while keeping your mind open to the possibility that there is a God who is the origin of everything good, true, and loving that we experience and express to one another.

      As for attaining calm, focus, strength of will, and success in all totality . . . well, that is a wonderful goal because it is one that we can always strive for, and continually work for. Another way of saying this is that we will never achieve the absolute totality of things, because that exists only in the mind and heart of God. And yet, we can always be traveling toward that totality, and attaining more and more of it in our lives.

      Yet another way of saying this is that life is a journey that continues as long as we have life—which I believe is forever. We can achieve many good and wonderful things. And yet, there will always be further to go, and more to achieve. Even when material desires and achievements lose their appeal, there are infinite spiritual achievements that still await us. And by that I mean achievements of mutual love and understanding, insight and inspiration, learning and growing as human beings in community with one another.

      So if you find that you have not achieved everything you envision, don’t consider that a lack or a failure. Consider it a challenge and a call to continually move forward in the best directions that your mind can conceive. And as you make that journey, you will find many joys and satisfactions along the way that will refresh your mind and heart and keep you moving forward.

      And yes, there will be many struggles and challenges, and even pain and heartbreak. These are the things that test and refine our souls, and bring us face to face with the ultimate questions of life. They are the times in which we make the deep and difficult choices that turn us in one direction or the other, upward toward the light or down toward the darkness, depending on whether we hold on to hope and goodness, or let despair and darkness overtake us. And they are the times we are at our most human. If we are able to face them and ride them through, we gain greater depth, compassion, and understanding both for ourselves and for our fellow human beings. For more on why God allows such things to happen to us, see: If God is Love, Why all the Pain and Suffering?

      If you have further questions, I invite you to search the site for articles that may help, or to leave further comments and questions. You have your whole life ahead of you. And you are clearly a thoughtful and heartfelt person. I do think you will do good things with your life, even if you do have to face your share of struggle and doubt. That’s simply part of the human condition here on earth.

  2. Reading 2 Peter 3 refers to the worlds ends, as it is burn barren upon Gods final judgement: by fire. Two examples of “judgement” prior are used as examples, Noah, how the world was destroyed by water…the next was Lot and Sodoms destruction by fire and brimstone. Each time the believer and their families escaped Gods wrath. Likewise prior earth being destroyed, Believers will be taken up into the “clouds” to meet Christ in the air.

    • Lee says:

      Hi Chris,

      Thanks for stopping by, and for your thoughts.

      My belief is that many of these things were never meant to be taken literally. Christ often spoke in parables, and he encouraged his followers to pay attention to the spirit of his words rather than getting hung up on the “flesh” (or literal meaning) of his words:

      “It is the spirit that gives life; the flesh is useless. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life.” (John 6:63)

      For more on this in relation to a future Judgment Day, please see my article: Is the World Coming to an End? What about the Second Coming?

  3. Lee thank you for responding… I do understand certain stories set in the scriptures that exemplify greater spiritual meaning – but in 2 Peter 3, he gives us historic “literal” examples of previous judgements of God. So this logically (and spiritually) tells us that this is not metaphoric nor a parable. That it is prophetic and will come to pass, as explained by the Holy Spirit through Peter. Again, the reference to earlier judgements are given literally to reinforce this prophesy.

  4. Rod says:

    Hi Lee. In case the physical universe came to an end, would that mean that there would be no more new people in heaven? Like, “ok guys, the universe is gone, so everyone who could possibly be here in heaven is already here. We’ll close the gates now!” I’d like to hear your thoughts about the consequences in the spiritual world of a possible death of the material universe. Thanks!

    • Lee says:

      Hi Rod,

      First of all, the ultimate fate of the universe is a matter of debate among scientists. And just when a consensus starts to emerge, new studies suggest that the consensus might be wrong. In fact, just in the past day or two, a paper came out challenging the generally accepted view that the universe is “flat,” meaning that it will continue to expand forever and eventually become cold, dark and lifeless, and suggesting instead that the universe may be “closed,” meaning that it will eventually contract back together in a “big crunch” that could lead to a new “big bang” and the beginning of a whole new universe. See:

      Astronomers think the universe is a sphere. Here’s why that claim is so controversial

      Other astronomers dispute this new claim that the universe is most likely closed. And the debate continues. For the possibilities contemplated by scientists, see Wikipedia -> Ultimate fate of the universe.

      What this means is that we really don’t know whether the universe will come to an end. We also don’t know whether ours is the only universe, or whether there are other universes out there, forming a “multiverse.”

      Personally, I lean toward the “cyclic model” or “oscillating universe” theory, in which there is a whole series of universes, one after the other. This accords with the general pattern of nature, which is full of cycles of birth, life, death, and rebirth. However, I’m not a physicist, so I’ll just have to wait and see whether the scientists come to any more definite conclusion about the ultimate nature and fate of the physical universe during my lifetime.

      Given all that, I’m loath to speculate on what will happen in heaven if there comes a time when there are no more new people, and the gates are closed. Personally, I doubt that will ever happen. But if it does, I presume that the people in heaven will continue to enjoy their life with the people who are there. After all, they are already with the people they are closest to, even if no more new people come along. And they continue to learn and grow in knowledge, understanding, and wisdom to eternity. This means that their lives are not static even if there isn’t a new influx of people happening in their communities. I presume that there are many communities of people in heaven from bygone eras that haven’t had any new residents in hundreds or even thousands of years by earth measurements. And yet, they can still have a good, happy, and growing life with the people of their “closed” community.

      But my inclination is to think that God will continue to provide new people for heaven to eternity, even if scientifically we don’t currently have a clear idea of the ultimate fate of the physical universe in which we happen to live.

  5. Rod says:

    Either way I think it will all turn out for the best according to God’s providence and goodness. Thank you, Lee.

  6. AJ749 says:

    Hi Lee following on from the previous comments on this article regarding the fate of the universe, if you look at the holographic universe theory which Stephen hawking changed his mind to believing to be true. Then we need not fear the end of the universe as the theory, swedenborg and The bible all state the source (God) is constantly renewing amd creating the universe at every moment in time so although the universe will expand and various parts of it will die off as is nature there will always be a new areas of the universe and new planets , new societys and new heavens . I think that make sense aha

    • Lee says:

      Hi AJ749,

      What you are describing sounds a bit like the “steady-state model,” in which new matter is continually being created to fill in the space made by the expanding universe. However, this theory is now almost universally rejected by cosmologists. Personally, I think an “oscillating universe” is more likely. In nature we don’t see brand new animals and plants continually being created from nothing, but rather the existing plants and animals continually reproducing themselves in an ongoing birth and death cycle—which also involves evolutionary development over long time periods. It makes sense to me that the physical universe would work the same way on the large scale.

      As for the holographic universe theory, I think that what’s behind it is the reality (from a Swedenborgian perspective) that the material universe is a “projection” of the spiritual universe rather than something that subsists on its own. But I put “projection” in quotes because it is really an expression rather than a mere projection. In other words, I do believe that the physical universe is objectively real, and not just a projection. But its continued existence depends upon a continual inflow of energy from God via the spiritual world. This, I suspect, looks like a holographic universe to scientists who dig deep into the structure of the physical universe.

      However, I do agree that the effect of the ongoing generations of people here in the material universe results in continual creation of new heavens (really, new areas of heaven) and new communities within the various heavens in the spiritual world. The spiritual world is not subject to birth and death cycles in a “biological” way, as the physical universe is. Its growth is additive rather than cyclical. However, angels do also go through cycles analogous to our cycles of day and night, work week and sabbath, seasons of the year, and so on. It’s just that these cycles don’t involve “physical” birth and death, but rather spiritual cycles of emptying out or “dying” of old thoughts and feelings that are no longer the best possible for them, followed by growth via the “birth” of new love and wisdom.

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